Booking a visit


AMD – characteristics / risk factors / symptoms / diagnosis

AMD – age-related macular degeneration, is a serious eye disease, mainly affecting people over 50 years of age. We can confidently call AMD a civilization disease of the 21st century. Currently, it is estimated that in the societies of developed countries, up to 20% of the population will lose their sight after the age of 65 due to AMD. Unfortunately, this is irreversible blindness (as opposed to, for example, cataracts, which can be removed by surgery).

This is a very serious problem these days, but what do we really know about AMD?

Risk factors:

Age – the risk of developing the disease increases after the age of 50;

Origin – Caucasians are more likely to get sick;

Smoking – smokers are 4 to 6 times more likely to develop AMD than non-smokers;

cardiovascular disease;



Diet low in omega-3 fatty acids and high in saturated fatty acids.


The basic symptom is a decrease in visual acuity or other changes in the perception of reality, mainly in central vision. Most often, the first symptom is the occurrence of curving straight lines or letters when reading, then there is a loss of central vision, the so-called central scotoma (dark spot in the center of the visual field). Symptoms may appear gradually, with varying severity, in one or both eyes (although they are often very asymmetrical).

How is AMD diagnosed?

The basis is regular visits to an ophthalmologist or optometrist after reaching the age of 50. In the office, the specialist will perform a visual acuity test, eye fundus assessment and macular OCT, the introduction of which was a breakthrough in the diagnosis of AMD – in addition to detecting abnormalities, it allows you to determine the form of the disease. In the Focus Optical Salon, the eye fundus photo is a standard feature of every visit to the optometrist, if there are disturbing symptoms, the Patient is referred for further thorough diagnostics to an ophthalmologist.

Currently, there is no single, effective method of preventing AMD, because the cause of the disease has not been clearly identified. The basis of prevention is smoking cessation, a diet rich in carotenes and antioxidants (the so-called „colorful diet”), omega 3 and zinc. Getting sick is not automatically equivalent to a significant limitation of life activities – often the disease can have a slow course over the years. Diagnosis and early diagnosis of the disease is very important.

If you have noticed disturbing symptoms or there are people over 50 in your environment and they have not visited eye protection specialists for a long time, we encourage you to make an appointment at our salons!

Salon Optyczny FOCUS
- ophthalmologist, optician Kowary


ul. 1 Maja 4
58-530 Kowary
woj. dolnośląskie

Opening hours

Monday - Friday from 9.00 to 17.00 Saturday from 9.00 to 13.00


+48 757 184 263

Salon Optyczny FOCUS
- ophthalmologist, optician Jelenia Góra


ul. Piłsudskiego 13
58-500 Jelenia Góra
woj. dolnośląskie

Opening hours

Mon - Fri 10.00 - 18.00, Suturday 10.00 - 14.00


+48 784 520 720

Contact form

Legal information

RODO Info: „The administrator of the personal data provided by you in the contact form will be Salon Optyczny FOCUS w Kowarach ul. 1 Maja 4, 58-530 Kowary, woj. dolnośląskie. Click to expand to read more ...
Data will be processed on the basis of art. 6 par. 1 lit. b RODO in order to perform the contract and pursuant to art. 6 par. 1 lit. c RODO to issue an invoice and include the invoice in the administrator' s accounting records. The data will be processed until the expiry of the limitation of claims under the concluded contract, and the invoices issued as part of the accounting documentation for the period required by law. You will have the right to request from the administrator access to your personal data and to rectify, delete or limit the processing or the right to object to the processing, as well as the right to transfer data - on the principles set out in Article. 16 - 21 RHODES. If you decide that your data is being processed in violation of the law, you will be able to file a complaint with the supervisory authority. Providing data is voluntary, but necessary to send a message. "Details related to data processing can be found in our Privacy policy.”

Enter the anti-spam code